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A stroke is a condition where the blood supply to the brain is blocked by a clot, which causes tissue damage in that area. You may know someone who has had a stroke or suffered from one, and you should be aware of some risk factors and what you can do to prevent stroke.
The risk factors are high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and being overweight or obese. You must be aware that you can lower your risk of a stroke, and all it takes is some determination to eat better and be more physically active. There are several ways to prevent a stroke prescribed by the National Institutes of Health.
1. Choose Healthy Foods and Drinks
Start eating foods that will make you healthier. Choose lean meats, poultry, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products. Avoid foods that are high in saturated fats and salt. Drink plenty of water when you eat to stay hydrated. Water will also help your kidney process the food you eat so it metabolizes it properly, which is suitable for your blood pressure.
2. Exercise Daily
Be physically active most of the day to prevent a stroke. A 30-minute exercise session at least five times a week will help you maintain your strength and improve your balance, which is essential for avoiding a stroke. Exercise can be done anywhere and anywhere as long you are doing it consistently. You can do calisthenics, water exercises, golf, or anything that gets you moving. You should also do strength training to work out your arms, legs, and upper body, which improves your balance and strengthens your heart.
3. Avoid Smoking
Smoking causes irreversible damage to the blood vessels in your body, including those in your brain. As you smoke, Artery and vein narrowing begins to occur, which can lead to a stroke. It accelerates clot formation and thins the blood, which increases plaque buildup in the body. All of these factors make it difficult for your blood to flow freely and affect the oxygen levels in your blood.
4. Have Regular Checkups
Have regular checkups with your doctor to check your blood pressure and monitor any risk factors that could lead to a stroke. If you are suffering from any of these factors, address them and be treated by an expert. Have your cholesterol and blood sugar levels checked at least once a year so you know how these factors affect you. Your medications can affect your health and possibly cause heart disease, so you must keep an eye on what you are taking. If you are taking any medicines, especially those that thin the blood, talk to your doctor about possible side effects and interactions with other drugs or vitamins you might be taking.
Stroke is a severe problem; you should do everything possible to prevent it. Living healthy can help you live longer. If you have any of these risk factors, taking steps to stay healthy will help you reduce your risk of having one. Please do not ignore the signs of stroke, as it is a severe condition.